TNO (Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research) is a nonprofit company in the Netherlands that focuses on applied science. TNO is a knowledge organization for companies, government bodies and public organizations. The approximately 3,800 employees work to develop and apply knowledge which makes it the largest research institute in the Netherlands. Moreover, TNO sets up new companies to market innovations. TNO’s Open Innovation initiatives Holst Centre and Solliance focus on large-area and flexible electronics (Holst Center) and thin-film photovoltaics (Solliance). In the research programme Spatial ALD, led by Dr. Paul Poodt, spatial ALD technology is developed for these application areas, including roll to roll and sheet to sheet spatial ALD for OLED lighting and displays, CIGS and perovskite solar cells.